The World’s Population Is Growing at Its Slowest Rate Since 1950
A new report from the U.N. Department of Economic and Social Affairs projects the global population will reach 8.5 billion in 2030 before peaking and stalling at 10.4 billion in the 2080s, as the global growth rate has fallen below 1% for the first time since 1950.
The report projects the world’s population will hit 8 billion on November 15, 2022, likely reaching 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.4 billion in the 2080s.
India is expected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country sometime during 2023.
Over half of the projected growth by 2050 will be concentrated in just eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Tanzania.
The 46 least developed countries are also among the world’s fastest growing, with many expected to double their populations between 2022 and 2050.
The report found global life expectancy reached 72.8 years in 2019, and projects it will grow to 77.2 years in 2050.
Life expectancy at birth is also greater for women (73.8 years) than men (68.4 years).
The U.N. says fertility has fallen sharply for many countries in recent decades, with two-thirds of the global population now living in a country or area where lifetime fertility is below 2.1 births per woman.
Global fertility in 2021 stood at 2.3 births per woman over a lifetime, down from around 5 births per woman in 1950.
It’s projected to decline further to 2.1 births per woman by 2050.